Posts Tagged ‘ war ’

War ethics ‘n’ rules in Islam..

Without any foreword, I’ld like to draw your attention into the Islamic war rules and ethics to be observed during a war..This post is not an exhaustive one..I am only trying to share what I know..Pls make your own conclusions after reading the post and tell me whether what you see around is islamic terrorism or is it their own version of terrorism..

Islam is a way of life and lays down messages regarding every aspect of life.It is a fact that given the nature of man ,there wouldn’t be a world without any wars. Rules regarding war are based on Quran and Hadiths. As far as I understand it, Islamic rules are in line with the international rules ,and the basic message in all rules is to ensure justice and order.

The true follower of Islam do not wish to hurt people; they want peace, not war. However, God tells us it is a high form of charity to fight in the cause of truth, against cruelty and oppression.

  • Quran 2:216″Warfare is ordained for you, though it is hateful unto you. “

Islam allows war in cases of

  1. Self-defence
  • (Qur’an 22:39) To those against whom war is made, permission is given (to fight), because they are wronged;- and verily, Allah is most powerful for their aid

   2.   To protect those who have been removed from their homes by force because they are Muslims

  • (Qur’an 22:40), Those who have been driven from their homes unjustly only because they said: Our Lord is Allah – For had it not been for Allah’s repelling some men by means of others, cloisters and churches and oratories and mosques, wherein the name of Allah is oft mentioned, would assuredly have been pulled down. Verily Allah helpeth one who helpeth Him. Lo! Allah is Strong, Almighty

  3. To protect the innocent who are being oppressed

  • (Qur’an 4:75). How should ye not fight for the cause of Allah and of the feeble among men and of the women and the children who are crying: Our Lord! Bring us forth from out this town of which the people are oppressors! Oh, give us from thy presence some protecting friend! Oh, give us from Thy presence some defender!

Islam upholds sanctity of human life, as the Qur’an declares that killing one innocent human being is like killing the entire human race

  • Quran 5:32 For that cause We decreed for the Children of Israel that whosoever killeth a human being for other than manslaughter or corruption in the earth, it shall be as if he had killed all mankind, and whoso saveth the life of one, it shall be as if he had saved the life of all mankind
  • Quran 6:151 “..and that ye slay not your children because of penury – We provide for you and for them – and that ye draw not nigh to lewd things whether open or concealed. And that ye slay not the life which Allah hath made sacred, save in the course of justice. This He hath command you, in order that ye may discern
  • Quran 17:33 And slay not the life which Allah hath forbidden save with right. Whoso is slain wrongfully, We have given power unto his heir, but let him not commit excess in slaying. Lo! he will be helped.
  • Quran 2:190 Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for Allah loveth not transgressors.

The basic principle in war is that ‘enemies’ should be treated as fellow human beings .Fighting should be stopped immediately when the situation or circumstances of cause cease to exist.i.e,there is no permission to attack someone who ceases to attack you

  •  Quran 2:192 “But if they cease [attacking you], Allah is oft-forgiving, most merciful.”

Muslims have been prohibited from opening hostilities against their enemies without properly declaring war against them, unless, of course, the adversary has already started the aggression.

  • Quran (8:58)  “And if thou fearest treachery from any folk, then throw back to them (their treaty) fairly. Lo! Allah loveth not the treacherous. “

Though war is prescribed when required, the principle of forgiveness is given more stress. For instance, if an enemy surrender, he should not be killed ,instead, it is the duty of muslim army to take him to a shelter for safety.

  • Quran (9:06) And if anyone of the idolaters seeketh thy protection (O Muhammad), then protect him so that he may hear the Word of Allah, and afterward convey him to his place of safety. That is because they are a folk who know not.

The practices during Prophet(pbuh) were summarized by his companion,Abubaker,in the form of ten rules for muslim Army.

“ Stop, O people, that I may give you ten rules for your guidance in the battlefield. Do not commit treachery or deviate from the right path. You must not mutilate dead bodies. Neither kill a child, nor a woman, nor an aged man. Bring no harm to the trees, nor burn them with fire, especially those which are fruitful. Slay not any of the enemy’s flock, save for your food. You are likely to pass by people who have devoted their lives to monastic services; leave them alone. ”

 

Islam has drawn a clear distinction between combatants and non-combatants in any enemy country. As far as the non-combatant population is concerned ,the instructions of the Prophet are as follows: “Do not kill any old person, any child or any woman” (AbuDawood). “Do not kill the monks in monasteries” and “Do not kill the people who are sitting in places of worship” (Musnad of Ibn Hanbal).

  • Quran 4:29 O ye who believe! Squander not your wealth among yourselves in vanity, except it be a trade by mutual consent, and kill not one another. Lo! Allah is ever Merciful unto you

Torturing the enemy, and burning the combatants alive is strictly prohibited. Punishment by fire does not behoove anyone except the Master of the Fire” (AbuDawood).

 
The mutilation of dead bodies is also prohibited. : “The Prophet has prohibited us from mutilating the corpses of the enemies” (Bukhari, AbuDawood). The occasion on which this order was given is highly instructive. In the battle of Uhud the disbelievers mutilated the bodies of the Muslims who had fallen on the battlefield by cutting off their ears and noses and threading them together to put round their necks as trophies of war. The stomach of Hamza, the uncle of the Prophet, was ripped open by the Quraysh and his liver was taken out and chewed by Hinda, the wife of AbuSufyan, the leader of the Makkan army. The Muslims were naturally enraged by this horrible sight. But the Prophet asked his followers not to mete out similar treatment to the dead bodies of the enemies.

 
Harming civilian areas and pillaging residential areas is also forbidden,as is the destruction of trees, crops, livestock and farmlands. Also,the Prophet has prohibited the killing of anyone who is tied or is in captivity.

 
Muslims have been instructed by the Prophet not to pillage or plunder or destroy residential areas, nor harm the property of anyone not fighting. “The Prophet has prohibited the Believers from loot and plunder” (Bukhari, AbuDawood). His injunction is: “The loot is no more lawful than the carrion” (AbuDawood). AbuBakr Siddeeq used to tell soldiers on their way to war: “Do not destroy the villages and towns, do not spoil the cultivated fields and gardens, and do not slaughter the cattle.”
Booty of war from the battleground is altogether different. It consists of the wealth, provisions and equipment captured from the camps and military headquarters of the combatant armies and may legitimately be appropriated.

 
Treat corpse with dignity :In the battle of Ahzab a renowned enemy warrior was killed and his body fell into the trench which the Muslims had dug for the defence of Madina. The unbelievers presented ten thousand Dinars to the Prophet and requested that the dead body of their fallen warrior be handed over to them. The Prophet replied: “I do not sell dead bodies. You can take away the corpse of your fallen comrade.”

 

 

This post is not a well articulated one..I hope to improvise it..I need to stop now as its been lot of time I’ve been spending on the references..Im feeling very sick..Pls drop your comments..Is this what you see around? Obviously not..So,it means that what you see around is not ‘Islamic jihad’ but plain terrorism,terrorism by sick evil people..If we continue blaming each other for the causes,they will win ,making life more hell..God bless..

 

 

 

References:

http://www.islamonline.net/English/News/2004-09/10/article03.shtml

http://www.jamaat.org/islam/HumanRightsEnemies.html

http://www.preparingforpeace.org/sajid_islam_and_ethics_of_war_and_peace.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rules_of_war_in_Islam

Winning the war-through women..

Lately,all my attention is struck over Kashmir.Days and days pass by,with nothing much happening on the brighter side.Stories on human rights violation,contributed to a major extent by our own Indian Army,is heart breaking.Maybe Kashmiris are wrong.But does two wrongs makes things right?

 

 

Kashmir is place which is turning out to be goldmine for army and politicians. They need to ensure that the state of trouble remains the same, atleast for their life span as to make the most out of it for selfish motives. Militants on the other hand keep the area in unrest,and have random verses from Quran to ‘justify’, no matter what evil they are doing. India has an estimated 700,000 soldiers in Kashmir, fighting nearly a dozen rebel groups since 1989. In many areas, the region has the feel of an occupied country, with soldiers in full combat gear patrolling streets and frisking civilians

  

After some reading, for some reason, I started asking myself,” Wouldn’t I have been a ‘terrorist’ if me or people around me were subjected to such brutality, for years in row. If a person is wrong, go punish him. Instead, there is a systemic procedure of torturing the culprit’s parents, wife/husband, kids or other friends. How is that right?

I wonder why there isn’t any legitimate source to get information about total causalities in Kashmir. Is it something that ought to be hidden? Fortunately or unfortunately, I didn’t find any authentic source for retrieving such statistics. Still, general reading tells me that hundreds of people are tortured, thousand of children orphaned, women widowed, raped and molested. For some reason, I was greatly disturbed on thinking why the hell women are abused, though the ‘war’ is between men on both sides. Random and disturbing thoughts made me look more into the particular matter

Rape continues to be a major instrument of repression against the Kashmiri people while the majority of casualties in Kashmir are civilians. The Indian authorities have also steadfastly refused to allow any independent monitoring of the situation. The International Federation of Human Rights and the Amnesty International have also been denied permission to visit.

The sexual exploitation of women by people in power is not just a women’s issue. It needs to be addressed by society as a whole. Both the Army and the militants have been using rape as a war weapon. Rape in war is not a matter of physical desire. It is rather a question of power and control. It is the best tool to demoralize people intellectually and spiritually. It is not a matter or exploitation but a well-thought-out and planned propaganda.

 

I wonder and pity the mentality of oppressing a group of people by doing this..Why don’t you put them in jail or shoot them to death. Why rape instead?To die of humiliation? Will they keep on doing this until the last girl, even the one in womb is torn off? I have no wonder why father, brother of husband of such women take law in their hands. What would you do when you watch your wife or daughter or sister getting molested? Go eat pizza?

 

The next set of people, so-called Islamic fundamentalists are out to pour acid over women’s faces if they don’t wear Pardha. Hell, who gave them the right to force religion on others? Did Allah send them an email? When did Islam lose its soul? Well, what more to talk on people who don’t follow any war ethics, instead go blast bombs killing women and children and civilians.

 

Women in Kashmir have also been raped and killed after being abducted by rival militant groups and held as hostages for their male relatives. It is also a way to punish women suspected of being sympathetic to the opposition.

 

This is not a post on women, and not on Muslim women or Hindu women.. Muslim women are abused by Army and Hindu women are abused by militants. Maybe I am silly to feel so angry and frustrated because I just knew about this age old ‘war-technique’ that can be tracked back to biblical times.. And it makes me feel more bad that Army I always used to be proud of keeping guard of whole nation is indulging in such matter.. Several human rights violations have been charged against Indian Army. Interestingly, Indian government doesn’t allow Human rights observers.. Why? I am very sad that my nation’s Army turned out just like American one.. All such unauthorized torturing, disappearances, custody deaths.. and mostly abusing women duh..

 

Sadly, there isn’t proper recording of such crimes due to social stigma against the victim and for fear of more oppression. Army has different set of rules (court marshalling and like) to deal with such crimes, and trials never end in punishments, which atmost in just getting suspended.. May be The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act of 1958 (AFSPA) is what makes them feel like doing anything whatever they want. Under this Act, all security forces are given unrestricted and unaccounted power to carry out their operations, once an area is declared disturbed. Even a non-commissioned officer is granted the right to shoot to kill based on mere suspicion that it is necessary to do so in order to “maintain the public order”.

 

This is not a propaganda against loyal soldiers who give their lives for the nation .But sad but truly, this war rape is happening in places like Kashmir and north-east parts of India,and the number can’t be tracked back to fingers,but to thousands.. Maybe that’s why those people don’t like being part of India, as it is the soldiers that represent us. Generalizing is injustice, but I never told that all soldiers are  the same..

 

 

 

Read more

 

Women in Kashmir suffer rape, molestation, kin’s disappearances, psychological trauma and torture

http://www.combatlaw.org/information.php?issue_id=36&article_id=997

 

Sex abuse issue in Kashmir has some designs

 

http://www.merinews.com/catFull.jsp?articleID=163

 

Rape As A Weapon Of War And A Tool Of Political Repression

http://www.hrw.org/about/projects/womrep/General-21.htm

War rape

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_rape

http://www.hrdc.net/sahrdc/resources/armed_forces.htm