Stoning to death-How and Why is it a part of Islam?
Recently,we all read about a Somalian women being stoned to death for committing adultery..There are two versions of the same story..BBC says :
“Our sister Aisha,23 yr old, asked the Islamic Sharia court in Kismayo to be charged and punished for the crime she committed,” local Islamist leader Sheikh Hayakallah told the crowd.”She admitted in front of the court to engaging in adulterous sexual intercourse,” he added.”She was asked several times to review her confession but she stressed that she wanted Sharia law and the deserved punishment to apply.”
The other story follows..
`She ,13 yr old,had in fact been raped by three men and had attempted to report this rape to the al-Shabaab militia, which controls Kismayo,” Amnesty said. “It was this act that resulted in her being accused of adultery and detained. None of the men she accused of rape was arrested.”
I don’t know which story should I choose to believe..Whatever,that’s not of much concern to me,but the concept of stoning is indeed disturbing..I am trying to share my thoughts and findings ,that will help understand the whole framework..
Quran has 6236 verses,and there is no single verse about stoning..Interestingly,Allah talks about almost all aspects of life,from macro to micro concepts, and puts forward a way of life..Having said that,I find it hard to believe that Allah forgot to put the stoning verse into Quran,and hence,some men,who are more smarter than God himself,injected the concept of stoning into Islam..
In Islam,punishment for forcination/zina is 100 lashes
- 24.02 The woman and the man guilty of adultery or fornication,- flog each of them with a hundred stripes: Let not compassion move you in their case, in a matter prescribed by Allah, if ye believe in Allah and the Last Day: and let a party of the Believers witness their punishment.
And for slave women,it is half the number of lashes
- 4:25 “…They should be chaste, not lustful, nor taking paramours: when they are taken in wedlock, if they fall into shame, their punishment is half that for free women. This (permission) is for those among you who fear sin; but it is better for you that ye practise self-restraint. And Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful”
If stoning to death was the ‘real’ punishment,how can stoning to death be halved as said in this verse???
- 33.30 O ye wives of the Prophet! Whosoever of you committeth manifest lewdness, the punishment for her will be doubled, and that is easy for Allah.
Adultery is a serious crime and a judge cannot simply punish the person,unless four witnesses provide proof against him/her.And even if proved guilty, the punishment is to confine them to houses..
004.015 If any of your women are guilty of lewdness, Take the evidence of four (Reliable) witnesses from amongst you against them; and if they testify, confine them to houses until death do claim them, or Allah ordain for them some (other) way.
Again,Allah talks about life ahead of adulterers,after punishement(lashes)
24.03 Let no man guilty of adultery or fornication marry and but a woman similarly guilty, or an Unbeliever: nor let any but such a man or an Unbeliever marry such a woman: to the Believers such a thing is forbidden
How can this happen if culprits are already stoned to death ???
Allah talks about repentance in a large amount of verses..
- 009.102 And others have confessed their faults, they have mingled a good deed and an evil one; (perhaps) Allah will turn to them (mercifully); surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
- 09.104 Do they not know that Allah accepts repentance from His servants and takes the alms, and that Allah is the Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful?
- 039.053 Say: “O my Servants who have transgressed against their souls! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah: for Allah forgives all sins: for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
The whole story of Stoning to death is attributed to a hadith(saying of Prophet)..Hadiths were written 200 years after Prophet’s death and it all narrations from people closely linked to Prophet..Some are true, some are fabrications.. Hadiths are largely influenced by social, political and cultural environmental factors then.. Allah promised to guard Quran and not Hadiths.. Quran is definite, while Hadiths are probable.. There is no way that a hadiths can override a Quranic law.. If it does, as in case of stoning adulterers and killing apostates, it can be easily understood that it is man made invention and thereby injected into Sharia.. Interestingly, all those anti human rights laws in Sharia have their origin in hadiths.. And that sends some message out to those sensible people..The concept of stoning has its origin in bibilical times and is in Torah..Prophet prescribed to the same rules of Torah,until allah sent down the above said punishment rules for adultery.I don’t really understand why is that some muslims still want to cling to rules in Torah..
The Messenger of Allah came to “Explain” and “interpret” the Quran.. He didn’t came to set different rules or change its legislation.. So how come the Quran say “Lash” and the Prophet say: “Stone”!!! Those who claim that the prophet ordered to stone are attributing to the prophet the crime of “Disobedience of Allah”.. And I wonder why would those Muslims follow a disobedient Prophet ???
And in a very strong Hadith, we find the Prophet sending Moa’z Ibn Jabal to be a judge in Yemen and asking him:
“How would you decide”? Moaz said: “The Quran”, the Prophet said: “And if you didn’t find?” Moaz Said: “The Sunna” He said: “And if you didn’t find?” Moaz said: “My Ijtihad and opinion”.. The Prophet said: “Well said.. If your opinion is right, you get double the reward.. And if it’s wrong, you get one reward”…
So Moaz was ordered by the prophet to see in The Quran first and use its legislation…And If ,ONLY IF,if he didn’t find it in Quran, then the Sunnah(Prophet’s doings)….
Open the Quran and check if you find any law regarding adultery..Then why would you look elsewhere..Trying to be more smarter than the God himself uh?
And finally,I wonder why muslims don’t come forward to talk against this barbarous act,which has no base in true Islam..Whom are they afraid of?
A strong hadith Narrated by Tabari on the authority of Abu Hurayrah who said: “One night when I returned from the Prophet’s Mosque after offering Isha Prayers, I saw a woman standing outside my door. I said ‘Peace be on you’ and went into my room, closed the door, and began to offer nafl (supererogatory) Prayers. After some time, she knocked at the door. I opened the door and asked her what she wanted. ‘I have come to ask you a question. I committed adultery and became pregnant. Then a baby was born and I killed him. How I have come to ask you if there is any chance that my sin be forgiven?’ I said: ‘Absolutely not’. At this she went away grief-stricken, exclaiming: ‘Alas, this piece of beauty was created for the Hell-fire.’
“The next day, after the Fajr prayers, I narrated the whole incident to the Prophet (peace be on him). He said: ‘How wrong an answer you gave, O Abu Hurayrah! Have you not read those verses in the Quran:
“Those who invoke no other deity along with Allah nor take the life which Allah has forbidden – save justly; who do not commit unlawful sexual intercourse – and whoso does that shall meet its penalty, his torment shall be doubled for him on the Day of Resurrection and he shall abide in it in ignominy – unless he who repents and believes and does righteous works. For such Allah will change their evil deeds to good deeds. Allah is Ever Forgiving, Most Compassionate. Whosoever repents and does good, he returns to Allah in the manner he should” (Al-Furqan 25:68-70).
Upon hearing this answer from the Prophet (Peace be on him), I went out and searched for the woman. I met her after Isha Prayers and told her what the Prophet (peace be on him) had said. She prostrated herself and said, ‘Thanks be to God, Who has opened the door of forgiveness for me.’ Then she repented and freed a female slave and also the son of that slave.” (See Tabari, ‘Tafsir’, comments on Surah al-Furqan 25:68-70 Ed.)