Posts Tagged ‘ crude oil spills ’

BP DeepHorizon Oil Spill v/s Bhopal Tragedy

We have been closely following BP Gulf of Mexico Oil spill ever since it happened.I had then shared my thought

” I am wondering whether the world would have reacted the same proactive way,if the same oil spill had happened not in US,but in some thrid world developing country.If not in US, a rich country,would BP have spent this much amount of money in cleanup and law suits? If not affected in a rich country,would you and me have bothered to the same extent,about those costal flora and fauna?”[…………….]

Well,now I have the answer…

The oil spill has caused extensive damage to marine life, birds and the US coastline in the states of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida. In Bhopal, 26 years after the gas leak, the soil and the water are still contaminated, with dangerously high levels of toxic chemicals, and thousands still suffering the aftereffects.

British Petroleum has already paid 69 million dollars, just as first installment for the damages caused. That figure could multiply several times, with the company’s liability still being decided. In contrast, Union Carbide paid just $ 470 million in compensation for the deaths it caused. That’s less than $500 dollars per victim, insufficient even to cover medical treatment costs for those who survived.[..]

No,I am not trying to draw parallels between Bhopal Gas tragedy and BP Oil spill.. After all, we don’t compare apples and mangoes … What happened to us is “what can happen to any third world country”,and what happened to them is “something rare that can happen to a rich nation”. So,no comparisons please,just go through random news bits..

The Bhopal disaster or Bhopal Gas Tragedy is the world’s worst ever industrial catastrophe that occurred on the night of December 3, 1984 at the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. At that time, UCIL was the Indian subsidiary of the U.S. company Union Carbide Corporation (UCC), which is now a subsidiary of Dow Chemical Company. Around midnight on the intervening night of December 2–3, 1984, there was a leak of methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas and other toxins from the plant, resulting in the exposure of over 500,000 people. Estimates vary on the death toll. The official immediate death toll was 2,259 and the government of Madhya Pradesh has confirmed a total of 3,787 deaths related to the gas release.Other government agencies estimate 15,000 deaths.Others estimate that 8,000 died within the first weeks and that another 8,000 have since died from gas-related diseases

The accident site, in the middle of Bhopal, was given back to the state government. It still has 425 tons of hazardous waste that have yet to be cleared. Union Carbide was bought by Dow Chemical Company in 2001, and activists are seeking to get Dow to clean up the site.[……….]

With regard to BP’s liability over what happened in an overseas nation,“...US companies that are operating overseas are very mindful of and respectful of the laws of any country in which they operate,” State Department spokesman P J Crowley told reporters here.”  Good ..Stupid Nimmy thought that Bhopal was in Inida.

US President Barack Obama has pushed British Petroleum to pay for the environmental disaster, and the company is liable to pay a fine of up to $ 4,300 per barrel. The final compensation may be in billions of dollars.

The US increased pressure on energy giant BP to boost capacity to contain the gushing oil well in the Gulf of Mexico, as President Barack Obama makes a fourth trip to the area on Monday.  On Saturday, White House adviser David Axelrod said that BP should set up an escrow account – administered by an independent panel – to pay claims by workers whose livelihoods and businesses have been impacted by the worst oil spill in US history.

“We want to make sure that the money is independently administered so that there won’t be a slow walk on these claims,” Axelrod said. “There are people there who live from week to week and whose livelihoods have been taken away from them. We want to make sure that they can get through this.“[……]

But curry-smelling Indians should be fine with flakes of compensation. But hey why criticize Firangi-company, when we ourselves are fouler than the worst..Our leaders are not even ready to visit these unfortunate people and give them that sick smile with folded hands.And the judiciary?

In February 1989, the Supreme Court announced that it was approving a settlement for Bhopal victims under which Union Carbide agreed to pay Rs 713 crore for compensation to victims, while the government agreed to drop all criminal cases against it. However, due to intense public shock and anger at letting off the culprits, the court agreed to reopen the criminal cases in 1991. Two installments of compensation — of up to Rs 25,000 each — have been given till now to the injured, one in 1994 and the next in 2004.

N D Jayaprakash of the Bhopal Gas Peedit Sangharsh Sahyog Samiti (BGPSSS), one of the groups fighting for the rights of gas victims, calls this a massive fraud because the number of gas-affected persons was arbitrarily fixed by the government at 105,000, including about 3,000 dead. In reality, nearly 20,000 people have died, and 5.7 lakh have suffered injuries. The compensation amount — Rs 713 crore, paid by Union Carbide — was meant for about 1 lakh persons but has been distributed among nearly 6 lakh people. Of the Rs 713 crores, Rs 113 crores was for loss of livestock and property. The balance Rs 600 crore distributed among 5.74 lakh persons works out to about Rs 12,410 per victim on average. In contrast, in the Uphaar tragedy in Delhi, families of those who died got between Rs 15 lakh to Rs 18 lakh each, while injured persons got Rs 1 lakh each. In addition, they got interest at the rate of 9% per annum for the roughly six years that the legal proceedings took.

Stung by this injustice, the victims approached the apex court, which told them to approach the state government. In Bhopal, the Welfare Commissioner rejected their demand. They appealed to the MP high court. On November 30 this year, the HC too dismissed the petition. “We will go back to the Supreme Court,” says Jayaprakash.[…………]

Tony Hayward, the BP chief executive, will be grilled about the disaster in the US on Thursday when he appears before a special Senate hearing. On Wednesday, Hayward and the BP chairman, Carl-Henric Svanberg, will meet the president at the White House to explain BP’s response.According to reports, Obama will tell the pair he wants BP to establish a special account to meet damage claims by individuals and businesses hurt by the spill..[…] What is it here?The people who are expected to protect us are busy and very much proactive in protecting the other side,arranging them airplanes to escape..Cool na?


US is talking about compensating within weeks,and even after 25 years,we are still busy indulging in blame-game and stuff.Before complaing about MNCs,their ethics and bla bla bla,I think its time we start working over our rotten social system.Justice delayed is justice denied..But who cares, afterall,this happened neither to kins of Gandhi family,nor to that of Ambanis or Tata’s nor to anybody in the vicinity of power structure in India.So,why worry over petty stuff that happened to petty people,isn’t it?


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BP Gulf Oil Spill Timeline

Got this interesting and informative link,as a mail-request for publishing..Yes,it is indeed worth going through if you are following BP Gulf oil spill…For a better view of the image,go to http://www.iglucruise.com/oil-spill-timeline

Source : (http://www.iglucruise.com/oil-spill-timeline).

A picture-perfect opportunity to celebrate World Enviornment day…Gulf Oil Spill (PHOTOS): Animals In Peril

An environment day couldn’t have been any worse than this…Well,the animals and birds portrayed here are lucky,that they were ‘born and brought up ‘ in USA,where they are treated and rescued,and not in some country like India,where people are not bothered about anything else other than themselves…Sad,really sad that they are suffering for a reason,which is manmade. Human beings,at least majority of them, consider this earth as personal property.Not only that we use resources for our luxury,but also care least for what exists around us…”So what”,is the general attitude…Sad,really sad..

World Enviornment Day 2010

‘Many Species. One Planet. One Future’,



All images copy pasted from random URLs from google search..Pls don’t sue me for copyright violation,I don’t intend to steal your image..My intention is the same as yours,spread the message ..

BP Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill

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Edited to add:  I am wondering whether the world would have reacted the same proactive way,if the same oil spill had happened not in US,but in some thrid world developing country.If not in US, a rich country,would BP have spent this much amount of money in cleanup and law suits? If not affected in a rich country,would you and me have bothered to the same extent,about those costal flora and fauna?

Big Oil’s real horror was not the spillage, which was common enough, but because it happened so close to the US. Millions of barrels of oil are spilled, jettisoned or wasted every year without much attention being paid.There are more than 2,000 major spillage sites in the Niger delta that have never been cleaned up; there are vast areas of the Colombian, Ecuadorian and Peruvian Amazon that have been devastated by spillages, the dumping of toxic materials and blowouts. Rivers and wells in Venezuela, Angola, Chad, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Uganda and Sudan have been badly polluted. Occidental, BP, Chevron, Shell and most other oil companies together face hundreds of outstanding lawsuits. Ecuador alone is seeking $30bn from Texaco.[………]

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I have been closely following the Gulf of Mexico BP oil spill ever sicne it happened..Initaially it seemed interesting on how the whole process is run,later it turned surprising as to how they are dealing with it,but now it has become a dangerous reality,something which both Government and others agencies are not able to deal with.. Today is 30 days since the disastrous blowout and massive spill that occurred on April 20 on BP’s Mississippi Canyon Block 252 well.[…]

The well has been flowing uncontrolled since at a rate that is far in excess of the 5,000 barrels per day claimed by the US Coast Guard, MMS, and BP.The well in question began leaking oil after an explosion occurred on the BP-operated Deepwater Horizon oil rig on April 20, killing 11 workers.After the explosion, oil began spewing out of the undersea gusher, located only 80 kilometres from the Louisiana coast. To date, at least seven million gallons have flowed out of the well, endangering the local environment and economy.

Lately,the authorities are trying to ‘Top-kill’ the oil well.

Top kill strategy

The top kill method involves pumping heavy mud into the spewing well, so that the flow of oil can be stopped. If successful, cement would then be used to cap the well.The same technique has been used to stop leaks in above-ground wells. But it has never been tested 1,500 metres underwater — the same depth where the well is located.

BP officials have put the odds of success at 60 to 70 per cent. But they won’t know for sure until the operation has been active for about 24 hours.”We’re doing everything we can to bring it to closure, and actually we’re executing this top kill job as efficiently and effectively as we can,” said BP Chief Operating Officer Doug Suttles.

There is also a risk that the top kill operation could make the situation worse by causing additional leaks in the undersea well.Anil Kulkarni, a Penn State mechanical engineering professor, said that if the leak “ruptures all over, then it would be even more difficult to close it.”

You can watch Oil spill Live feeds,,top-kill and other operations, from remotely operated vehicles (ROV)here.[ A must watch,just to make you relaize how technology has enabled us to view something LIVE that is happening 5000 feet below sea-level. ]The images, from cameras on remotely-controlled submarines near the sea bed in 5,000 feet of water, are often hard to make out. When the scene clears, you can see the blow-out preventer – the system of valves intended to prevent releases of oil and gas, which failed in the accident – and a plume of drilling “mud” escaping from it.

Sharing some images  ( Pictures belong to those to took pains to click it,and not me..These days I am very much afraid of uploading others snaps,in fear of copyright violations)

BP oil spill shows need for biofuels, developers say

Images COPY-PASTED FROM

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/multimedia/gulfoil/?photos

http://industry.bnet.com/energy/10004233/bp-oil-spill-exclusive-last-four-minutes-of-the-deepwater-horizon-rig/?tag=shell;content

Edited to add :

BP officials, who along with government officials created the impression early in the day that the strategy was working, disclosed later that they had stopped pumping the night before when engineers saw that too much of the drilling fluid was escaping along with the oil.

It was the latest setback in the effort to shut off the leaking oil, which federal officials said was pouring into the gulf at a far higher rate than original estimates suggested.[………]